Investments in private placements and start-up investments in particular are speculative and involve a high degree of risk and those investors who cannot afford to lose their entire investment should not invest in start-ups. Companies seeking startup investments tend to be in earlier stages of development and their business model, products and services may not yet be fully developed, operational or tested in the public marketplace. There is no guarantee that the stated valuation and other terms are accurate or in agreement with the market or industry valuations. Additionally, investors may receive restricted stock that may be subject to holding period requirements. In the most sensible investment strategy for start-up investing, start-ups should only be part of your overall investment portfolio. Investing in private placements carries additional risk and you should be prepared to lose some or all of your investment. Prospective clients are strongly urged to review the offering documents carefully and consult with their own financial, legal and tax advisors prior to investing.